What Is Vertical Farming?
Vertical farming is growing crops in vertically stacked layers, rather than on a single level, such as in a farm or a greenhouse.
Using Controlled Environment Agriculture (CEA) technology indoor crop production is possible thanks to controlled temperature, LEDs, humidity control, and gas management. Vertical farming's main purpose is to maximize crop output in a small space.
What are the advantages?
The ability to produce more from a smaller agricultural land is not really the primary benefit of vertical farming. The following are some of the most significant advantages of vertical farming:
Future Planning: Around 68% of the world's population is predicted to inhabit in cities by 2050, and the expanding population will contribute to rising food demand.,
Increased Crop Yield 365 Days: Vertical farming allows us to produce more crops with the same amount of growing space. In fact, 1 acre of indoor space can provide the same amount of output crops as 4-6 acres of outside land.
Less Water for Cultivation: Vertical farming allows us to grow crops with 70 percent to 95 percent less water than traditional farming.
Not Affected by Weather Conditions: Crops in a field can be harmed by natural disasters such as torrential rainfall, storms, flooding, or severe droughts, which are becoming more frequently as a result of global warming. Indoor vertical farms are less likely to be affected by poor weather, ensuring consistent harvest output throughout the year.
Increased Production of Organic Crops: Vertical farming allows us to grow pesticide-free and organic crops since they are grown in a well-controlled indoor environment without the use of chemical pesticides.
Human and Environmentally Friendly: Indoor vertical farming can significantly reduce the occupational hazards associated with traditional farming, making it more human and environmentally friendly. Farmers are not exposed to risks associated with heavy farming equipment, infections such as malaria, or harmful chemicals. It is also beneficial for biodiversity because it does not disrupt animals or trees in inland areas.